Kurils story

During age-old times, when of a fish in the rivers it was full, wolves ran on woods and foxes not being concealled skipped on country fields behind mice, seafarers only opened the far grounds and islands …

On edge of the ground, in the sea-ocean on the islands scattered by a long ridge lived bearded Ainu. The Ainu, also called Aynu, Aino and in historical texts Ezo, are indigenous  people or groups in Japan and Russia. Historically they spoke the A inu language  and relate d varieties and lived in Hokk aidō, the Kuril Islan ds, and much of Sakha lin. 

In Russia the first mention of Kuriles islands to 1646, owing to N.I.Kolobov, who has described that far and freakish territory, full of mountains, volcanos, falls ("The Beard of the old monk", "Hair of a beauty", "Ilya Muromets", etc.) and hot sources.

Ainu have christened each island separately. These are words Ainu language: Paramushir - wide island, Onekotan - old settlement, the ground Ushishir-of gulfs, Chiripoy - birdies, Urup - a salmon, Iturup - the big salmon, Kunashir - black island, Shikotan - the best place.

On islands were found: a bear, a glutton, foxes, a sable, a hare, a reindeer, fiber, hackee, an ermine, an otter. On rocks there were numerous bird's markets silly fellows, seagulls, and as wood birds: a wood-grouse, a hazel grouse-woodcock, a white partridge, a titmouse, a woodpecker, a duck, a teal, cormorants. The Sakhalin rivers, lakes and the seas are richs with a fish. The big variety salmon, there was a Sakhalin sturgeon, a pike, a crucian, a sazan, the greatest fresh-water fish - kaluga families sturgeon. Its length reached over 5 meters and weight - up to 1 tonn.

Islands gradually grew roots Russian and Japanese colonists, got used to difficulties and deprivations. In fact the climate on islands was cold and damp. In the winter frosts from-10 up to-20°С with blizzards and storm, in the summer +10 - +15°С with fogs and earthquakes.

In those days in England lived-were cats with short tail by nickname Manx. Fishers and travellers took with themselves in the sea of these powerful and brave cats for catching ship rats. Floating along far coast, seafarers on parking stopped and got acquainted with a way of life of other people. Curious Manxs too went on "acquaintances" to a way of life of other cats. Whether therefore or on fault of any other changes, but on white light basically on islands and coastal territories have bred cats with short tails.

In different doomsday they have received different names and the distinctive features. By long-term crossings with local animals original shapes Kuril, Japanese, Karelian and American bobtails were fixed. But one at them the general: instead of habitual long tails, at them have short tails. Each tail is unique, as a print of fingers. At someone he is curtailed in the form of a spiral, at someone is hitched up a hook upward, and at others is bent by the short snake. Modern felinologists distances him the name: the spiral, a stub, broom also have approved length from 2 up to 8 vertebras.

Irrespective of a floor Kuril bobtails first class ratcatchers and excellent hunters on different fine game is at them in blood from ancestors. Even if your pupil never saw the mouse, these skills at him congenital and as soon as possible he will take advantage of them. On islands of the Kuril ridge only these - rescue from numerous large rats, this quality is rare even for Siberian cats. And kurilian bobtails with ease catch mice, rats, snakes, hares, fiber, etc. Kurilian bobtails as are professional fishermens.

As time of a course salmon on spawning in the nature coincides in due course giving kittens at Kurilian bobtails. They leave on two weeks far away from human habitation and build of a cane, a bamboo and a grass a jack. It is noticed, that on islands having got itself female cat, male cat remains is true to her all life. Probably, it is connected by that in a habitat of dwelling Kuril bobtails bring in litter 2-3 kittens and basically a male. Therefore on islands of cats it is much less, than cats and they in the big honour. The kittens Kuril bobtails grow up together. They very responsible parents. Both of the parent care both of feeding, and about hygiene, and about inculcation of skills of hunting and fishing. If happens so, that the cat perishes, the cat-father brings up kittens the bottom dummies. It is surprising, but ourselves were to that witnesses as our cat patiently licked kittens while those sucked him, having remained without mother.

The first, that amazed the visitors who have arrived to Kuriles, after the original nature, these are Kurilian bobtails. The surprising animals similar on house lynces, jumping as hares, true as dogs and tender as cats, could not leave indifferent anybody. Leaving, people took with themselves of these native creations on continent.

During Soviet time geologists and scientists, military men and tourists brought to themselves home these exotic and devoted animals from the Kuril ridge. Interest to these animals of dews. They were noticed by factory owners and fans of cats. In 1991-1992 felinologists Tatyana Bocharova and Ivanova Lily have undertaken some trips on islands Iturups, Kunashir and Shikotan of the Kuril ridge. From these trips they have brought with themselves fine Kurilian bobtails, begun breeding work on distribution and a recognition of this Russian native breed to the world. The big participation in the description and drawing up of the standard of breed has accepted the international judge, expert Mironov Olga Nikolaevna, being «The Grandmother Russian felinology».

Миронова О.Н., Васильева Е.В. с курилом.

Mirinova O.N., Vasilieva E.V., World Champion Yantar.  

In 1996 the standard for Kurilian bobtails in the World Federation of cats (WCF) has been approved, and in 2002 the standard has been accepted in the International Federation of the European fans of cats (FIFE). From now on Kurilian bobtails have acquired the right to participate in the international exhibitions and to win hearts of fans of cats at an official level. Interest to this breed increases every year. And it is explainable, besides exotic appearance of "a house lynx", these animals are perfectly adapted for any climatic conditions, have enviable health, do not possess a smell, approach owners suffering by an allergy. They not only active partners in all your affairs, but also irreplaceable assistants in a garden and on a summer residence.